If you need to install your own programs/modules in python you can do it via creating vms. Some programs may need specific versions of modules to work correctly and may cause incompatibilies with the current system library. By making Vms you can ensure an application can create a stable environment to run.
Loading anaconda python
Two versions of the anaconda distribution of python are loaded on shamu; The anaconda module runs python 2.7, and anaconda3 runs python 3.6. Be sure and know which version you need to use for your needs. You load them like any other module on shamu.
module load anaconda
module load anaconda3
Creating a Vm
After you load your preffered anaconda module you can create a new python vm with the name 'myvm' by running the command:
conda create -n myvm python
Select 'y' and let it install to the default location. You can create multiple vms to suit your needs. You can list your Vms via this command:
conda env list
The asterix indicates which one is active.
[abc123@login02 ~]$ conda env list
# conda environments:
Activating a Vm
To select or 'activate' a vm to use you use this command:
conda activate myvm
This will change the prompt to let you know which Vm you're using:
[abc123@login02 ~]$ conda activate myvm
(myvm) [abc123@login02 ~]$ which python
You are still logged in to your regular session on shamu,
and everything works as normal (submitting jobs, opening files, etc) just the prompt indicates that your Vm is active so the path to python is now the one from your VE. You have complete ownership over the virtual environment, which means you can install applications whenever you'd like. See the conda and pip sections further down on the page for more details.
Exiting your VM
To exit the Vm type:
Deleting a vm
If you wanted to delete your vm for whatever reason, the command would be:
conda env remove -n myvm
Where 'myvm' is the name of the vm you want to delete and then select 'y' at the prompt to confirm.
Installing applications via conda
The good thing about virtual environments you create in your workspace is that you have ownership permissions over them. When you activate a VE, you can install programs without any administrator intervention. Both conda and pip have depdency checks, so performing and install in your VE will aotuo fetch whatever dependencies the application needs and install them for you.
To install via conda, you just do:
conda install <package name>
You can also add conda repositories so that it will autofetch from more places by adding a channel to it via this command:
conda config --add channels <channel name>
Some popular channels for scientific computing resources are: conda-forge and bioconda.
Installing applications via pip
pip pulls applications from the python package index (https://pypi.org/
). To install via pip you perform this command in your activated python VE:
pip install <package name>
Installing from python source
Alternatively if all you can find is python source code, you can still perform the install to your activated python VE. Simply perform these commands after you change to the directory (cd) with the python source:
python setup.py build
python setup.py install